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  2. List of random number generators - Wikipedia


    However, generally they are considerably slower (typically by a factor 2–10) than fast, non-cryptographic random number generators. These include: Stream ciphers. Popular choices are Salsa20 or ChaCha (often with the number of rounds reduced to 8 for speed), ISAAC, HC-128 and RC4. Block ciphers in counter mode.

  3. Pseudorandom number generator - Wikipedia


    Pseudorandom number generator. A pseudorandom number generator ( PRNG ), also known as a deterministic random bit generator ( DRBG ), [1] is an algorithm for generating a sequence of numbers whose properties approximate the properties of sequences of random numbers. The PRNG-generated sequence is not truly random, because it is completely ...

  4. Random number generation - Wikipedia


    Dice are an example of a mechanical hardware random number generator. When a cubical die is rolled, a random number from 1 to 6 is obtained. Random number generation is a process by which, often by means of a random number generator (RNG), a sequence of numbers or symbols that cannot be reasonably predicted better than by random chance is generated.

  5. Mersenne Twister - Wikipedia


    Mersenne Twister. The Mersenne Twister is a general-purpose pseudorandom number generator (PRNG) developed in 1997 by Makoto Matsumoto [ ja] (松本 眞) and Takuji Nishimura (西村 拓士). [1] [2] Its name derives from the choice of a Mersenne prime as its period length.

  6. Hardware random number generator - Wikipedia


    A USB-pluggable hardware true random number generator. In computing, a hardware random number generator (HRNG), true random number generator (TRNG), non-deterministic random bit generator (NRBG), or physical random number generator is a device that generates random numbers from a physical process capable of producing entropy (in other words, the device always has access to a physical entropy ...

  7. Pseudorandom binary sequence - Wikipedia


    A pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS), pseudorandom binary code or pseudorandom bitstream is a binary sequence that, while generated with a deterministic algorithm, is difficult to predict [1] and exhibits statistical behavior similar to a truly random sequence. PRBS generators are used in telecommunication, such as in analog-to-information ...

  8. Random.org - Wikipedia


    Random.org is distinguished from pseudo-random number generators, which use mathematical formulae to produce random-appearing numbers. [2] [3] The website was created in 1998 by Mads Haahr, [4] [5] a doctor and computer science professor at Trinity College in Dublin , Ireland .

  9. Counter-based random number generator - Wikipedia


    A counter-based random number generation ( CBRNG, also known as a counter-based pseudo-random number generator, or CBPRNG) is a kind of pseudorandom number generator that uses only an integer counter as its internal state. They are generally used for generating pseudorandom numbers for large parallel computations.