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  2. List of random number generators - Wikipedia


    However, generally they are considerably slower (typically by a factor 2–10) than fast, non-cryptographic random number generators. These include: Stream ciphers. Popular choices are Salsa20 or ChaCha (often with the number of rounds reduced to 8 for speed), ISAAC, HC-128 and RC4. Block ciphers in counter mode.

  3. Pseudorandom number generator - Wikipedia


    Pseudorandom number generator. A pseudorandom number generator ( PRNG ), also known as a deterministic random bit generator ( DRBG ), [1] is an algorithm for generating a sequence of numbers whose properties approximate the properties of sequences of random numbers. The PRNG-generated sequence is not truly random, because it is completely ...

  4. Random number generation - Wikipedia


    Dice are an example of a mechanical hardware random number generator. When a cubical die is rolled, a random number from 1 to 6 is obtained. Random number generation is a process by which, often by means of a random number generator (RNG), a sequence of numbers or symbols that cannot be reasonably predicted better than by random chance is generated.

  5. Mersenne Twister - Wikipedia


    Mersenne Twister. The Mersenne Twister is a general-purpose pseudorandom number generator (PRNG) developed in 1997 by Makoto Matsumoto [ ja] (松本 眞) and Takuji Nishimura (西村 拓士). [1] [2] Its name derives from the choice of a Mersenne prime as its period length.

  6. Random seed - Wikipedia


    Random seed. A random seed (or seed state, or just seed) is a number (or vector) used to initialize a pseudorandom number generator . For a seed to be used in a pseudorandom number generator, it does not need to be random. Because of the nature of number generating algorithms, so long as the original seed is ignored, the rest of the values that ...

  7. Random.org - Wikipedia


    Random.org is distinguished from pseudo-random number generators, which use mathematical formulae to produce random-appearing numbers. [2] [3] The website was created in 1998 by Mads Haahr, [4] [5] a doctor and computer science professor at Trinity College in Dublin , Ireland .

  8. Hardware random number generator - Wikipedia


    A USB-pluggable hardware true random number generator. In computing, a hardware random number generator (HRNG), true random number generator (TRNG), non-deterministic random bit generator (NRBG), or physical random number generator is a device that generates random numbers from a physical process capable of producing entropy (in other words, the device always has access to a physical entropy ...

  9. Counter-based random number generator - Wikipedia


    A counter-based random number generation ( CBRNG, also known as a counter-based pseudo-random number generator, or CBPRNG) is a kind of pseudorandom number generator that uses only an integer counter as its internal state. They are generally used for generating pseudorandom numbers for large parallel computations.